Each mouth is different and need a different type of care! Although all toothbrushes may seem equal, there are different varieties beyond colors and materials.

It is undeniable that dental hygiene is important! It is also advisable to visit the dentist regularly and maintain good oral hygiene, which is essential to avoid gum disease and other dental infections. In the case of cleaning, toothbrushes play an important role.

At first sight, toothbrushes can be divided into two categories: disposable and electric or battery operated.

In general, electric toothbrushes are more expensive than manual ones. And apart from the initial expense, heads needs to be replaced just like the manual ones. Usually, there is a combo with various heads available. For some, an electric toothbrush works better. I have friends who have commented that since they started using electric toothbrushes, they have less cavities and infections. For others, these types of devices are too complicated to use and they do not like the vibrating sensation of the brush. Thinking about the efficiency of this device, there have been several studies done to compare the cleaning results of manual verses electric, and no difference between them has been proven. However, those rotating and oscillating toothbrush heads do show a certain type of effective superiority over manual types.   

Electric toothbrushes are very useful for people with reduced mobility or bone problems such as osteoarthritis. This condition can prevent them from cleaning their teeth correctly.


It is fundamental that your brush of choice be certified by the ADA, American Dental Association. Starting from this point, whether you choose an electric or manual toothbrush, you should consider differences in size, types of bristles and handle.

The size will depend on the user, either adult or child. This is why there are so many choices available. There are even toothbrushes for babies without bristles! For the majority of adults, a half inch (width and height) brush head is easier to use and more efficient. It should be big enough to reach the most difficult parts of the rear and lateral molars.


In the same way, there are different types of handles. Some are rigid and some are flexible (especially at the base of the heads). Some have grooves which make them non-skid. This is great because when the handle is wet it can be difficult to hold firmly. Some flexible heads allow you to easily reach more difficult areas. There are also cone, pointed and rectangular shaped heads.

Talking about the different types of bristles…in general, there are five types of toothbrush bristles: Super soft, soft, semi-soft, medium or hard.

Depending on how hard your brush your teeth, medium bristles are recommended to safely remove plaque. If you have sensitive gums (as in my case), ultra-soft are ideal! The same applies to sensitive teeth. In any case, it also helps to use sensitive toothpaste to reduce sensitivity.


My dentist always recommends circular and soft movements. Gently massage your gums and brush your teeth well. It is important to have rounded bristles.

Toothbrushes with hard nylon bristles can damage gums and even tooth enamel.

Other features that can apply to toothbrushes are:

Tongue and cheek cleaner: They are perfect to eliminate bacteria and food buildup. As we mentioned a few days ago, bacteria can lead to bad breath.

Whitener or stain remover: There are many models. Some are more expensive, which include a whitening brush. In general, they have polished bristles and stain erasing cups.

Indicator toothbrush: They usually have a blue fringe that discolors over time to remind you to change brushes.

There are also other types of bristles like: surround, zigzag, different levels and more! It has not been proven that one is better than the other so it depends on your likes. I think the key is to try different types of brushes and decide which one is more comfortable to use, and which ones give the best results!

toothbrush macro

Whatever your choice, it is necessary to change toothbrushes every two to three months. More importantly when the bristles are bent or after an illness, especially if it was bacterial or caused by a virus.

I hope these tips can help you have a beautiful and healthy smile!