As you probably know, cavities are small holes that develop on the hard, upper surface of the teeth causing permanent damage. No one is exempt from cavities and they are among the most common health problems worldwide. There are several factors that lead to the appearance of cavities. Among them we can include excessive sugar intake and bacteria produced by little or poor dental hygiene.

When we have cavities we tend to have sensitive teeth and mild to severe pain, especially when we chew something cold or hot. The holes in the teeth are not easy to detect without the help of a dentist.

It is important to visit the dentist because if a cavity is forming, it is best to catch it as soon as possible. If we leave it, they get bigger and bigger. This can affect the other layers of the teeth, causing intense pain, infection and finally the loss of the tooth.

You also probably know it is essential to prevent cavities. And a great way to do this is by good oral hygiene, brushing your teeth after every meal and using dental floss. Visiting your dentist regularly to get a professional cleaning at least once each year, is also important.

Other recommendations made by dentists are the following:

-Drink water from the tap. Most of the public water system has added fluoride, which helps to reduce cavities.

-Use dental sealants. The sealant protects the tooth enamel from plaque and acid.

-Avoid excessive processed sugar intake. Avoid foods that get stuck in the grooves and holes of the teeth for long periods of time like: French fries, sweets or cookies!

Perhaps you already know at least some of this information. What you may not know is that there are foods to help prevent cavities. And guess what? They are delicious!

For example, cheese is seen by many researches as a great choice! The casein in cheese may have protective properties that promotes teeth health and can help prevent cavities.

Chewing sugarless gum for a long time is also recommended to help avoid cavities. Those sweetened with xylitol, a natural sugar substitute, are even better! Xylitol helps to prevent cavities because the bacteria that cause it cannot grow or metabolize to produce acid.

All treats are not the enemy! Some sugarless treats or those sweetened with Xylitol can help to fight cavities!

Raisins are similar to wine. Scientists have found that some chemical substances found in raisins including polyphenols and flavonoids, can actively fight the oral bacteria that lead to cavities.  But we need to eat them with caution because they also have high sugar content and it has not been proven if the level of sugar is higher than the positive properties of this snack.

On the other hand, wine does have individual chemical components that actively fight against bacteria leading to cavities. Of course, red wine is not considered a good option for the teeth due to the stains it can leave behind.

Many of these studies are preliminary and still have a long way to go to decide what is beneficial or not in this fight against cavities. But many of them are quite promising! The important step is to keep your mouth clean, visit the dentist for regular checkups and especially when you have a discomfort!

Best wishes!