Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD by acronym) defines a group of behaviors in both, children and adults, characterized by the lack  of attention to the various activities they perform.

The exact cause of this disease is unknown and is more common among boys than girls, affecting between 3 to 5% of children in the United States. There is a familial tendency, so there may be genetic factors involved and the environment may also affect.

People who suffer from ADHD, is unable to focus even if they try, can not organize themselves and their tasks, can’t follow instructions or remember details. It makes children more active than normal, they can not play quietly, they climb sometimes in a not appropriate way, often lose school supplies and can not stay sat for long periods of time.

ADHD symptoms tend to improve as children grow and learn to adapt. Usually hyperactivity ceases in first years of adolescence. But about half of them still easily distracted, have changes in mood and can not complete tasks properly.

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What causes physically ADHD?

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People with ADHD do not make enough chemicals in key areas of the brain responsible for organizing, and that’s why they do not function normally. Recent researches have established a link between this disorder and smoking or consumption of other toxic substances during pregnancy and possibly exposure to environmental toxins such as lead.

In case you suspect that your child has this condition, you must consult a doctor, if necessary, will provide appropriate treatment, sometimes going to therapy with a children psychologist. It’s important to clarify, especially in adults, to be distracted or tense is not always synonymous with ADHD, however factors such as depression, anxiety, medication side effects, substance abuse, for example, can have similar symptoms.

Treatment may include medicines to control symptoms, therapy or a combination of both. A harmonious home and school support are also important.

Some tips to help your child improve may include:

-Make a schedule with specific times for eating, playing, doing homework, watch TV and go to sleep. Place the schedule where your child can always see it. Explain in advance any change in routine.

-Make Short, simple household rules. Write down the rules and the consequences of not following them and ask your child to repeat them.

-Recompense good behavior, especially in the effort.

-Make Sure your child is supervised all the time.

 

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