What is acne?
When you have a face full of pimples, it is a difficult situation, especially if you are a teenager! The body is fighting an important hormonal battle and the skin is a faithful witness to this fact. Beyond the pain the lesions can cause, acne also has social consequences. This can be both emotional and psychological. And it usually relates to a lack of confidence in oneself and low self-esteem, depression and discrimination.
What is acne?
Acne is a skin disorder characterized by the appearance of lesions as a result of: Folliculitis. This disorder is an inflammation and subsequent infection of the follicular pore. This disorder is usually hereditary affecting approximately 80% of the teenage population. There are also special forms of acne, which affect newborns and adults. This could also be the result of exposure to certain industrial or medical products.
Hormonal changes during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, birth control pills and stress are some of the factors that could trigger acne outbreaks. To this list add oil based cosmetics, high levels of sweat or transpiration, and some pharmaceuticals. Acne tends to disappear after the teenage years, but in some cases it can extend for several years into adulthood.
How is it produced?
Each pore is an open follicle, which contains a hair and sebaceous gland. Oil secreted by the gland helps to eliminate dead skill cells and keeps the skin soft. When the glands secrete too much oil, the pores are obstructed. They accumulate dirt, bacteria and cells, which forms a plug or pimple. If it is white it is known as a whitehead. On the other hand, if it is dark it is called a blackhead. If the blackhead begins to break, it can become inflamed and cause pain. However, there is a graver threat to consider.
Cystic acne is characterized by nodules and sebaceous cysts, which can be hard and painful. During this period, a person can present different types of lesions, from minor to severe.
Acne appears more commonly on the face in areas like: forehead, cheeks and chin. It also spans areas like the back, shoulders and pre-sternal regions. And it also includes seborrhea (Excessively oily skin) areas of the body.
How to care for your skin
If you have minor to moderate acne, here are some homemade tips to improve your skin:
–Hot water compress. This softens the pimples, making extraction much easier.
–Wash your face at least twice per day. Do not use abrasive soap or scrub your skin. You can use a soft brand name exfoliate or PH neutral soap. You should do this soon as you get up in the morning, when you sleep at night and after any physical activity.
–Say no to your fingers! Try not to touch your skin to squeeze the pimple. Why? Because after a while your face will have lots of spots and scars.
–Control your makeup. You should only use non-oil based makeup to keep your pores free and clear. Remember to remove your makeup at night!
–Watch your hair! Especially if your locks are greasy, you need to wash it daily and keep it away from your face. For example: Bangs make acne worse especially when it falls over your forehead. Tip: Do not wear headbands or tight hats.
You can also use over the counter topic creams which tend to balance the PH of the skin without drying it out. It also improves the aspect of the acne if used adequately.
If you have tried to eliminate or improve your acne with over the counter products, or if you have changed your routine without results; or even if your acne is intense and leaves scars, you should consult with a dermatologist to find the best treatment for your needs. This could be antibiotic, creams, pharmaceuticals that require medical supervision and laser treatment, among others.
I hope this information has been useful, and don’t forget to search for the best doctors at YaSabe.com!
Until the next time!
Hasta la próxima!