Dental work during Pregnancy
Many women are afraid to do dental work during pregnancy. Of course, can take precautions when you visit the dentist to avoid causing harm to the baby.
First of all, it is important to take preventive steps before getting pregnant. The truth is hormonal changes and loss of nutrients during pregnancy is an inconvenient factor in oral health. Generally speaking, this has to do with gum infections like gingivitis.
On the other hand, your unborn child consumes a lot of calcium. Apart from the necessary vitamins required during pregnancy, many mothers end up with a deficiency, which causes damage to their teeth.
In general terms, it is recommended that dental work such as crowns, fillings or cavities occur during the second trimester of pregnancy. Remember: Your baby is more vulnerable during the first and third trimester when important developments (First trimester) are happening. And this increases the risk of premature birth (end of third trimester).
Always tell your dentist if you are pregnant or suspect you are pregnant. And before going for an important treatment, consult your obstetrician to settle any doubts. Their recommendations can help you make the best decisions. This applies to any urgent dental work required. The safest, most recommended and advisable option is to wait until after the pregnancy for any type of cosmetic work.
Delaying dental care can have grave consequences. Gingivitis or inflammation of the gums affect between 60 to 75% of pregnant women. And if it is not controlled, it can turn into periodontal disease leading to a loss of teeth. The same happens to untreated cavities.
Periodontal disease is a very serious dental condition that occurs when a bacterial infection develops below the gum line, damaging the fibers that hold the teeth in place. This illness can also affect the health of the baby, and women with periodontal disease have a greater risk of premature births and low birth weight.
Medications during Pregnancy
Currently, there are conflicting studies on the possible adverse effects of developing babies and medication used during dental work. If analgesics, antibiotics or anesthetics are required, your pregnancy will be taked into account adjusting the dose to your current situation.
X-rays are common in dental work, especially routine checkups. They may ask you if you are pregnant before taking them. If not, explain your situation to the dentist. X-rays have a radiation dose significant enough to cause adverse effects in the development of the embryo or fetus. It is important to take this fact into account. Some doctors use small cameras to check the problems in your mouth instead of using X-rays during pregnancy.
The American Dental Association (ADA) recommends that pregnant women eat a balanced diet, brush their teeth with ADA approved toothpaste twice per day and floss every day. Always avoid excessive sugar, coffee and other substances that can damage your teeth!
- Visit the dentist and do preventive tests and cleaning before and during pregnancy.
- Tell your dentist if you are pregnant and visit your obstetrician beforehand.
- Postpone non-emergency dental work until the second trimester or do it after the pregnancy, if possible.
- Elective procedures should be postponed until after the pregnancy.
- Take care of your dental health on a daily basis.
- Don’t auto – medicate! Always consult your dentist for necessary treatments and recommendations. Ether your dentist or obstetrician can provide the right medication in adequate doses!